Flat feet toddler closed toe sandals or shoes.
Model could pass as universal to be a sandal or shoe for a toddler.
Those are some phenomenal sandals for orthopedic support of toddlers feet.
Those shoes have excellent arch support that stands out like inflated pillows.
Orthopedic arch is added to the sole of the model and leather lining is added on top for comfort.
This is European footwear manufacture technology from Europe that was improved in 1990.
Rubber soles hold and support toddlers foot and arch is added to the sole of the shoe.
It is much better product then arch added to the interior lining of the shoe.
This was technology back in 1960 till 1990 but it was not as good as current improvement.
Basically leather inside of the shoe was build up to create an illusion of an arch but when toddler begun to wear those sneakers
The leather bump diminish, got smaller and went flat over time.
Toddler is walking, running, jumping in those sneakers so interior lining gets soft and flat over time.
Thus the orthopedic arch bump gets smaller over time.
This model of shoe production was not that effective so in 1990 Italians begun adding arch support to the mold of the rubber sole.
If you slash the shoe you will see a bump in a sole (usually on the interior side of the shoe).
Some models show it visible unevenness and some not but you can rest assure they all have excellent support in the soles.
No European manufacture is even allowed to produce none supportive shoes for toddlers.
They have to be orthopedic and supportive or factory will loose their manufacture license in Europe.
Europe controls footwear production via European Ministry of Health meaning only orthopedic, supportive shoes are allowed for sale in any European country.
Footwear for kids is viewed as health product, developmental need for kids feet, posture and body gait.
So every footwear producer have to follow the regulations set by Ministry of Health.
Locally produced leather (no mercury on it), soles with added arches, glue, stitches and other shoe manufacture components have to be local.
Europe does not import leather from China as it always has traces of mercury on it.
Soles from China are never orthopedic nor supportive as they never measure the width of any shoes they produce.
When they make kids footwear in China they just increase the size on the sole but width is always estimated - never measured.
Also, none of the footwear for children from China are ever orthopedic nor supportive.
Unfortunately, all the shoes sold in USA for children are manufactured in China.
Those shoes cause all the orthopedic problems you see in children.
When child has flat feet only 10% is genetic rest of the flat feet are acquired meaning when toddler is wearing none supportive footwear.
Local shoes meaning with no arch no ankle support then flat feet will develop.
Also, pronation, supination, overpronation, flat feet usually develops due wearing shoes with no support.
Problem is parents in USA are not informed about importance of quality footwear for children as they contribute to healthy foot and posture development.
Local pediatricians or foot doctors inform parents that footwear for a child does not matter as they have no impact on kids feet.
This is sooooooo NOT true!
Problem is that in medical school no time and knowledge is spent on teaching and showing doctors what quality shoes do to kids feet.
In Europe every orthopedic doctor and pediatricians is educated and shown how important good footwear are for toddler.
Shoes form and develop kids feet provide ankle support, good arch and form entire body gait so quality footwear only are clear choice here.
Europe does not have a healthcare for profit so we do not need children with flat feet, pigeon toes, pronation and all orthopedic problems.
Money is spent on quality, regulated footwear versus on orthodics, doctors visits and appointments.
Every European country is regulated to kids footwear - Greece, Germany, Italy, Serbia, Poland, France, Spain, Portugal, Czech Republic and others.
It has been regulated since 1990 when China begun to export their crap products to Europe.
When they got into the kids shoes and tried to replace them with low quality, our Ministry of Health reacted and placed regulations on them.